Scientific Attitude

Scientific Attitude* Characteristics
critical-mindedness looks for inconsistencies - consults a number of authorities - challenges the validity of statements
suspended judgment (restraint) recognizes the restrictions in generalizations and theories - generalizes only to the degree justified by available evidence
respect for evidence looks for evidence (empirical approach) to support or contradict statements - demands interpretations that fit the evidence - collects as much evidence as possible
honesty reports all evidence even when it contradicts hypothesis or expectations - acknowledges the work of others
objectivity considers all pros and cons - considers all evidence available - considers and evaluates statements by others
willingness to change opinions recognizes all hypotheses, generalizations and theories as being tentative - evaluates evidence which contradicts prediction - alters hypotheses when necessary to accommodate empirical evidence
open-mindedness considers several possible options when investigating a problem - considers and evaluates ideas presented by others
questioning attitude looks for inconsistencies - challenges the validity of unsupported statements - asks many questions starting with who, where, when and how
tolerance of uncertainty accepts that there is always some uncertainty - strives for greater and greater certainty

A scientist needs to maintain an objective view on research.

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